QANUN E SHAHADAT ORDER 1984 PDF

The Qanun-e-Shahadat Order, Latest Law Cases. Contention of husband that wife, while making claim for dowry articles, was required to prove the case in terms of the requirements of Qanun-Shahadat Order, was not only misconceived but was also besides the mandate of law as envisaged in S. Evidence--Ocular testimony--Value of--Ocular testimony could not be thrown out merely because there was background of enmity with the convict--However test for accepting the same is that there are establishing circumstances regarding their presence at place of occurrence at the relevant time and whether they could have witnessed the occurrence and that they were in a position to identify the culprits and that the number of culprits described by them could be accepted as dependable. Competency of a witness.

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Short title, extent and commencement. Who may testify. Judges and Magistrates. Communications during marriage. Evidence as to affairs of State. Official communications. Information as to commission of offences. Professional communications. Article 9 to apply to interpreters, etc. Privilege not waived by volunteering evidence. Confidential communications with legal advisers. Production of title deed of witness, not a party.

Production of documents which another person, having possession, could refuse to produce. Witness not excused from answering on ground that answer will criminate. Competence and number of witnesses. Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant facts.

Relevancy of facts forming part of some transaction. Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect of facts in issue. Motive, preparation and previous or subsequent conduct. Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant facts. Things said or done by conspirator in reference to common design. When facts not otherwise relevant become relevant In suits for damages facts tending to enable Court to determine amount are relevant. Facts relevant when right or custom is in question.

Facts showing existence of state of mind, or of body, or bodily feeling. Facts bearing on question whether act was accidental or intentional. Existence of course of business when relevant. Admission defined Admission by party to proceeding or his agent, etc. Admission by persons whose position must be proved as against party to suit. Admission by persons expressly referred to by party to suit. Proof of admissions against persons making them, and by or on their behalf. When oral admissions as to contents of documents are relevant.

Admissions in civil cases when relevant. Confession caused by inducement, threat or promise, when irrelevant in criminal proceeding. Confession to police-officer not to be proved. Confession by accused while in custody of police not to be proved against him. How much of information received from accused may be proved. Confession made after removal of impression caused by inducement, threat or promise, relevant.

Confession otherwise relevant not to become irrelevant because of promise of secrecy, etc. Consideration of proved confession affecting person making it and others jointly under trial for same offence. Accused persons to be liable to cross-examination. Admission not conclusive proof but may estop.

Cases in which statement of relevant fact by person who is dead or cannot be found, etc. Relevance of information generated, received or recorded by automated information system. Relevancy of certain evidence for proving in subsequent proceeding the truth of facts therein stated. Entries in books of account when relevent. Relevancy of entry in public record made in performance of duty. Relevancy of statements in maps, charts and plans. Relevancy of statements as to fact of public nature, contained in certain Acts or notifications.

Relevancy of statements as to any law contained in law-books. What evidence to be given when statement froms part of a conversation, document, book or series of letters or papers. Previous judgments relevant to bar a second suit or trial. Relevancy of certain judgments in probate, etc. Relevancy and effect of judgments, orders or decrees, other than those mentioned in Article Judgments, etc. Fraud or collusion in obtaining judgment, or Incompetency of Court, may be proved.

Opinions of experts. Facts bearing upon opinions of experts. Opinion as to hand-writing when relevant. Opinion as to existence of right or custom, when relevant.

Opinion as to usages, tenets, etc. Opinion on relationship when relevant. Grounds of opinion when relevant. In civil cases character to prove conduct imputed irrelevant. In criminal cases previous good character relevant. Previous bad character not relevant, except in reply. Character as affecting damages. Proof of facts by oral evidence. Oral evidence must be direct. Proof of contents of documents. Primary evidence. Secondary evidence.

Proof of documents by primary evidence. Cases in which secondary evidence relating to documents may be given Rules as to notice to produce. Proof of signature and handwriting of person alleged to have signed or written document produced Proof of execution of document required by law to be attested. Proof where no attesting witness found. Admission of execution by party to attested document. Proof when attesting witness denies the execution.

Proof of document not required by law to be attested. Comparison of signature, writing or seal with others admitted or proved Public documents. Private documents. Certified copies of public documents. Proof of documents by production of certified copies.

Proof of other public documents. Presumption as to genuineness of certified copies. Presumption as to documents produced as record of evidence.

Presumption as to genuineness of documents kept under any law. Presumption as to maps or plans made by authority of Government. Presumption as to collections of laws and reports of decision. Presumption as to powers-or-attorney. Presumption as to certified copies of foreign judicial records. Presumption as to books, maps and charts.

Presumption as to telegraphic messages. Presumption as to due execution, etc. Presumption as to documents thirty years old.

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The Qanun e Shahadat Order, 1984 (Law of Evidence)

Such evidence has been described to include material objects produced before the court for inspection. This inspection generally takes place inside the courtroom, however, it may be necessitated outside the court as well when, due to the bulk and volume of evidence, it is not feasible or convenient for the objects to be produced before the court. In other cases, inspection of objects may be necessary in close context to their surroundings. No exhaustive description can be given as to what physical evidence includes. The following enumeration contains its common instances:. The function of the definition is to give certainty and precision to the phrase which has been defined and to avoid repetition.

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Definition of “Evidence” Under Article 2 of Qanun-e-Shahadat Order 1984

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