In Ueno, at the northern end of old Tokyo, stands a relatively small concrete box, hoisted on slim columns. It is set off from the rest of the park by a wide gray plaza, demanding a solemn approach. As you near it, the flat expanse of the facade begins to differentiate itself into cladding panels, textured with pebbled aggregate. An off-center stairway juts out, a symbolic ascendance into a temple of art. The austerity of its presentation hides special, humanizing characteristics in its interior such as a characteristically Corbusian ramp that ascends to the second-floor gallery space. Built to house the collection of an early 20th-century Japanese industrialist, with special strengths in late 19th-century French art, the National Museum of Western Art employed three local architects.
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Maekawa Kunio , Maekawa also spelled Mayekawa , born May 14, , Niigata-shi, Japan—died June 27, , Tokyo , Japanese architect noted for his designs of community centres and his work in concrete.
After graduation from Tokyo University in , Maekawa studied with the architect Le Corbusier in Paris for two years. Returning to Japan , he tried in such works as Hinamoto Hall and the Dairen Town Hall to counteract the pompous style of the Japanese imperialist regime.
In the s he continued to work primarily in the style of Le Corbusier. Buildings such as the Educational Centre, Fukushima , the Harumi flats in Tokyo , and the Setagaya Community Centre in Tokyo reflect his efforts to use concrete in a manner appropriate to the material.
Beginning with the Tokyo Metropolitan Festival Hall , Maekawa displayed a warmer and more expansive style. In the Saitama Cultural Centre , he brought an entirely new approach to the design of community centres. Maekawa Kunio.
Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Home Visual Arts Architecture. Britannica Quiz. This or That? Painter vs. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Antonin Raymond.
Antonin Raymond, Czech-born U. His buildings there reveal that his understanding of and respect for Japanese tradition informed his Modernist sensibility. He was little known in his adopted country but was highly esteemed in Japan. Tokyo, city and capital of Tokyo to metropolis and of Japan. It is located at the head of Tokyo Bay on the Pacific coast of central Honshu. It is the focus of the vast metropolitan area often called Greater Tokyo, the largest urban and industrial agglomeration in Japan.
A brief treatment of Tokyo…. Architecture, the art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the skills associated with construction. The practice of architecture is employed to fulfill both practical and expressive requirements, and thus it serves both utilitarian and aesthetic ends.
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How Le Corbusier Became Big in Japan
Kunio Maekawa is one of the most influential Japanese modernist architects who studied in France to apprentice for Le Corbusier and later designed the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum during the 60s. Maekawa house was originally built in during the wartime regime. The interior was a very exquisite blending of Japanese construction and Western functional taste. Unbelievable that it was made during the wartime especially with the shortage of materials. You are commenting using your WordPress.
Take this opportunity to get to know Japanese architecture, art and culture in a backpack-wise manner with other architecture enthusiasts. This original, chronological route starts in the ancient city of Kyoto, takes you along the artificial islands on the way to the metropolis of Tokyo. The mastery in Japan defies all imagination. Not only in the control of the architectural space, choice of materials and masterful detailing, but also in the surrender of knowledge. We travel through the land of the rising sun for two weeks. A balanced architectural mix of contemporary, traditional and modern. But also culture, nature, art and … Japanese life is explicitly present.