JUAN BETHENCOURT ALFONSO HISTORIA DEL PUEBLO GUANCHE PDF

The battle took place November 14—15, The Battle of Aguere was a Castilian victory; whereas in the First Battle of Acentejo the Guanches had been favored by their knowledge of the mountainous terrain, in this engagement, the native forces found themselves at a disadvantage on the plain of Aguere. The Battle of Aguere was later followed by the decisive Second Battle of Acentejo more than a month later, which resulted in the complete Castilian conquest of Tenerife. During this time of regrouping, he also captured many slaves in Gran Canaria.

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The battle took place November 14—15, The Battle of Aguere was a Castilian victory; whereas in the First Battle of Acentejo the Guanches had been favored by their knowledge of the mountainous terrain, in this engagement, the native forces found themselves at a disadvantage on the plain of Aguere.

The Battle of Aguere was later followed by the decisive Second Battle of Acentejo more than a month later, which resulted in the complete Castilian conquest of Tenerife. During this time of regrouping, he also captured many slaves in Gran Canaria.

The Castilian force embarked from Gran Canaria in November in 6 caravels and about a dozen smaller ships, and headed towards the port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. The total force numbered about 1, men, with a small company of knights and some artillery —a force comparable in size to that which was defeated at Acentejo, but much more experienced and better trained and prepared.

Statue of Bencomo at Candelaria, Tenerife. The expedition, which Lugo had also funded with the sale of all of his properties, had landed at Santa Cruz, where he built two towers on the spot where he had constructed his first fort before his prior defeat.

The path to reach the tableland from the coast, the path of La Cuesta, in those days was covered by thick vegetation that included Canarian pine , broom , beech , heather , palm trees , dragos , savin and other species, and so the accession up the hill was a dangerous undertaking. Meanwhile, the Guanches, alerted by inhabitants on the coast, gathered their forces. The mencey the native term for a king Bencomo sent emissaries to the other menceys , and gathered about 2, warriors at La Cuesta before the Castilians had reached that point.

However, the spies were discovered by the Castilians, and Bencomo could not benefit from any intelligence regarding the enemy forces. The next day the Guanche forces were surprised that the Castilians had ascended La Cuesta and were dominating the rising grounds in the midst of the plain of Aguere. The Guanche center was commanded by Bencomo, the right flank by Acaymo , mencey of Tacoronte ; and the left flank by Tinguaro.

They had no shields or armor, and wore the tamarco , a sheep or goat skin used for protection and warmth. The Guanche forces also hurled rocks. The Castilian vanguard consisted of harquebusiers and crossbowmen who mowed the attacking Guanche ranks with their projectiles. The Castilian pikemen and horsemen then attacked the Guanches who were fleeing the crossbow and harquebus fire.

This first engagement lasted several hours, and consisted of continual frontal attacks by Bencomo's forces. The flat terrain of the plain of Aguere benefited the Castilians, and Bencomo's troops began to waver, suffering from a disorderly retreat, especially when the Guanche allies of the Castilians under Fernando de Guanarteme , arriving from Santa Cruz, began to arrive on the field of battle.

The Castilian cavalry wreaked terrible losses on the Guanche forces. The result of those battles was always inevitable Bencomo and his troops had to abandon the field of La Laguna.

Bencomo, Acaymo, and Tinguaro were all badly injured. They ordered their forces to retreat towards Tacoronte. The Castilians attacked again, preventing an orderly Guanche retreat. At the end of the day, Bencomo ordered a retreat towards the peak of San Roque, a move that would prevent cavalry attacks and where his men could defend themselves more effectively. Tinguaro, injured in battle, continued to defend himself against seven horsemen as he retreated up the peak of San Roque.

Francisco P. Tinguaro was injured in the fight at San Roque as well, but died two days later at Taoro. As it happened, the body of the fallen Guanche prince was so badly disfigured that when the Castilians translated it to Santa Cruz and made inquiries amongst the Guanche prisoners, the Guanches were unable to determine whether the body was that of Tinguaro or Bencomo.

The Guanches of Acentejo received the head to honor it in a funeral ceremony; [1] a retinue, which included Tinguaro's wife Guajara, traveled to the kingdom of Taoro for this ceremony.

In one last and final stand, the reduced Guanche forces, led by an injured Bencomo, tried to reach the heights of La Laguna, but they were cut to pieces by the Castilian cavalry. The cavalry was followed by the Castilian pikemen and rodeleros "shield bearers" , who were equipped with steel shields or bucklers known as rodela and swords usually of the side-sword type.

One of these rodeleros killed Bencomo, and hundreds of Guanche warriors also fell at this time. The Guanche survivors headed towards Taoro, and the next day elected Bencomo's son Bentor as their new king. Figures on Castilian casualties are held as being between 30 and 55 dead and dozens of injured. Bentor would commit suicide, throwing himself off the cliff of Tigaiga.

Sign In Don't have an account? Contents [ show ]. Categories :. Cancel Save. Date November 14—15, Crown of Castile, Guanche and European allies. This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia view authors.

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