GERSHOM SCHOLEM SABBATAI SEVI PDF

The twentieth century produced a galaxy of extraordinary Jewish historians. Gershom Scholem stands out among them for the richness and power of his historical imagination. Born in Berlin in , Scholem became a Zionist as a young student in a revolt against his family's bourgeois and assimilated life. He learned Hebrew and studied Kabbalah, the world of mystical teachings that had become marginalized--indeed stigmatized--within the mainstream rationalist Jewish tradition. In , Scholem emigrated to Palestine and eventually joined the faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, publishing groundbreaking studies in the field of Jewish mysticism.

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The twentieth century produced a galaxy of extraordinary Jewish historians. Gershom Scholem stands out among them for the richness and power of his historical imagination. Born in Berlin in , Scholem became a Zionist as a young student in a revolt against his family's bourgeois and assimilated life.

He learned Hebrew and studied Kabbalah, the world of mystical teachings that had become marginalized--indeed stigmatized--within the mainstream rationalist Jewish tradition. In , Scholem emigrated to Palestine and eventually joined the faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, publishing groundbreaking studies in the field of Jewish mysticism. A Bollingen Foundation grant enabled Scholem to complete the original Hebrew edition of his biography in Bollingen also supported R.

Zwi Werblowsky's masterful English translation. It is widely esteemed as one of Scholem's masterworks. I like Scholem's matter of fact attitude: the evidence is Nathan of Gaza could read minds, very well, he could, but that did not make Sevi a true messiah. Sabbatai Sevi : The Mystical Messiah, Gershom Gerhard Scholem , R. Zwi Werblowsky. A richly detailed account of the only messianic movement ever to engulf the entire Jewish world.

III The messianic idea in the kabbalah. IV Lurianic kabbalah and its myth of exile and redemption. V The historical role and social significance of Lurianic kabbalah. VI The spread of Lurianic kabbalah until VII Kabbalism in Poland The messianic expectations for the year Contemporary reactions to the great massacres of that year. III Amsterdam. IV The Jewish communities in the German lands.

II New festivals and the abolition of traditional fasts The visit of the Polish emissaries. IV The movement in Yemen. III Sabbatais first manifestation and his banishment from Smyrna. V Sabbatai Sevi in Jerusalem. VI Nathans Treatise on the Dragons and its principal doctrines. IV The movement in smyrna until December V Sabbatai gains control over the community in Smyrna The events of December VI Mass prophecy and the appointment of the kings by the messiah Sabbatais departure for Constantinople.

II Italy Allegations regarding a reign of terror in the Italian communities. V Nehemiah Kohen and his visit to Sabbatai Sevi. VI Complaints to the Turkish authorities regarding an alleged Jewish revolt Sabbatais appearance before the sultan and his apostasy in September II The rabbis of Constantinople attempth to calm the public. V Believers and infidels after the apostasy in Europe especially in Italy and Holland.

IX The doctrine of the apostate messiah and of the significance of the Law according to the writings of Nathan Gaza. IV The imprisonment and trial of Sabbatai Sevi in VI Poland.

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The twentieth century produced a galaxy of extraordinary Jewish historians. Gershom Scholem stands out among them for the richness and power of his historical imagination. Born in Berlin in , Scholem became a Zionist as a young student in a revolt against his family's bourgeois and assimilated life. He learned Hebrew and studied Kabbalah, the world of mystical teachings that had become marginalized--indeed stigmatized--within the mainstream rationalist Jewish tradition. In , Scholem emigrated to Palestine and eventually joined the faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, publishing groundbreaking studies in the field of Jewish mysticism.

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Gershom Scholem

There are certain magisterial works of the human mind that alter ordinary comprehension so unpredictably and on so prodigious a scale that culture itself is set awry, and nothing can ever be seen again except in the strange light of that new knowledge. It explores the rise, in the years and of a messianic movement among a profoundly oppressed people only just recovering from the Inquisition and the Iberian expulsion, thrown into yet another holocaust—the catastrophic massacres of the Jews of Poland that began in and continued until But the movement was not only the response of hope to cataclysm. Sabbatai Sevi, born in Smyrna, Turkey, did not declare himself the true messiah of the Jews only to abolish their dispersion and restore to them their historic territory; the idea he represented was a cosmic redemption, the cleansing and renewal of all things, the retrieval of the sparks of holiness from the husks of evil which, according to Kabbalistic thought, bind them fast. In the wake of Sabbatai Sevi's annunciation came an inexhaustible penitential wave. The messiah's work could not be completed until the world was cleared of sin, and everywhere—over the whole face of Europe, in Turkey, Morocco, Palestine, Egypt, wherever Jews lived—sanctification made vivid claims in the form of an astonishing spiritual roiling characterized by penitential exercises and charitable work. While the Gentiles around them gaped, Jews stopped in their daily tracks, gave up their livings, sold their possessions—the city of Leghorn, which had a large Jewish merchant class, nearly came to a halt—and prepared to journey to Jerusalem.

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Sabbatai Sevi: The Mystical Messiah, 1626-1676

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