Florian Znaniecki is the most recognisable Polish sociologist of knowledge in the.. Znaniecki, Socjologia wychowania, vol. Berger, Thomas Luckmann and other scholars who represent micro-. Florian Znaniecki has 26 books on Goodreads with ratings. Florian Znaniecki avg rating — 5 ratings — published — 2 editions.
|Published (Last):||5 February 2019|
|PDF File Size:||1.16 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.64 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Florian Witold Znaniecki January 15 , - March 23 , was a philosopher and a sociologist. He taught and wrote in Poland and the United States.
He was the 44th President of the American Sociological Association and the founder of academic sociology studies in Poland. His theoretical and methodological work contributed to the development of sociology as a distinct academic discipline. He gained international fame as the co-author with William I. Thomas of The Polish Peasant in Europe and America , considered the foundation of modern empirical sociology and humanist sociology.
Keeping in touch with American sociologists, he lectured at Columbia University in New York in - and during the summer of He then moved to the University of Illinois , where he taught until his retirement, deciding not to return to the totalitarian communist People's Republic of Poland. Florian Znaniecki characterized the world as caught within two contrary modes of reflection; these were idealism and realism. Znaniecki proposed a third way, which he labeled culturalism Polish kulturalizm.
Znaniecki's culturalism is one of the ideas that founded modern sociological views of antipositivism. His focus and subsequent impact lay mainly in the realms of sociology, philosophy, and secondarily psychology. According to the culturalist perspective, sociology should deal with the affects of culture , as sociology is a study of human meaning, and subsequently dualistic with a locus of empirical reality.
Znaniecki responds to demands for objective reality as a focus, those that would use Descartesian arguments of fancy , and those with pre- postmodern malaise, thusly, "Therefore, whether we agree that the individual can contribute to the evolution of the objective world or not, whether we treat the objective realities or thoughts which the individual reaches as creations or mere reconstructions, as new objectively or new only for him, we must take the other, active side of the experiencing individual, the creative personality into account.
In he formulated the principle of analytic induction , designed to identify univeral propositions and causal laws. He contrasted it with enumerative research , which provided mere correlations and could not account for exceptions in statistical relationships. According to this principle, the individual's experiences and ideas are of utmost importance and the sociologist should study reality as a social actor subjectively , not as an independent observer objectively.
As one of the first sociologists, he started analyzing personal documents like letters , autobiographies , diaries and similar items. Znaniecki's "social phenomena" is a larger term then Max Weber 's social actions. According to Znaniecki, sociology should analyze social relations, which are composed of values.
Their basic element is that of human beings. He recognized four types of social relations:. Znaniecki also defined four types of character and personality :. The Polish Peasant in Europe and America is considered to be a classic study of immigrants and their families based on personal documents, and is the foundation of modern empirical sociology and humanist sociology. Categories : births deaths American sociologists Polish sociologists Polish philosophers. Your continued donations keep Wikipedia running!
Jump to: navigation , search. Views Article Discussion Edit this page History.
FLORIAN ZNANIECKI SOCJOLOGIA WYCHOWANIA TOM 2 PDF