In response to the last financial crisis new institutional reforms were implemented. The aim for these reforms is to save and secure the functioning of markets in financial instruments. This weakness my cause interpretational problems on both theoretical and practical level. One of ways to achieve this goal is to present the institutional structure of the market in financial instruments, to specify the characteristics of both individual institutions and the whole environment in which they act.
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The aim of this article is to analyze the innovative achievements of selected economies: Polish and Czech. This issue is of fundamental significance for all post socialist countries. Post communist heritage in form of homo sovieticus is really far from innovative performance. The author assumed that innovativeness is the component of human capital whilst the conceptions of innovativeness were dealt with as the development challenge and the criterion of efficiency for contemporary economies, creating the opportunity to speed up the pace of narrowing the development gap.
It is reflected in the title of the study. On the basis of the conducted empirical analysis encompassing the years , there was observed, mostly in Poland and to smaller extent in the Czech Republic, a low level of innovativeness and its unsatisfactory dynamics, as well as poor use of relatively numerous human capital for attaining goals.
In the conclusion part of the article, there were presented problems connected with the necessity of consequent impact on the quality of human capital and level of innovativeness. In order to overcome barriers, the author postulates to establish a pro-innovative institutional order and indicates the need for systemic attitude towards these reforms. Innowacij: teoria, miechanizm rozrobki ta komercjalizacji.
ISBN X. ISBN Warszawa: Wyd. Naukowe PWN. The Nature of the Firm, Economica, Vol. Facing the challenge, The Lisbon strategy for growth and employment. European Commission. Brussels: Pro Inno Europe. Warszawa: Politeja. KAM The Knowledge for Development K4D. Global Ranking.
Washington: The World Bank Group. KAM a. KAM b. Gospodarka oparta na wiedzy. Wyzwanie dla Polski XXI wieku. Warszawa: KBN. Warszawa: CeDeWu. Paris: Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.
Retrieved April 20, from www. New York: The Tree Press. Report on capital…, Raport o kapitale intelektualnym Polski Teoria rozwoju gospodarczego. Warszawa: PWN. Washington: World Bank April , pp. ISBN: The Role of Innovation. Organization Studies, Vol 29, No. Wzrost gospodarczy. Podstawy teoretyczne. ZAK, P. Skip to Navigation. Review of Economic Perspectives. PDF link:.
External link:. DOI: JEL: O31, J Keywords: innovativeness, innovation, Human capital, development gap. Search this site:.
Możliwości wykorzystania nowej ekonomii instytucjonalnej w rozwoju sektora publicznego
The quality of institutions is important for economic growth and inflow of foreign direct investment. The main objective of the research was to evaluate business environment institutions, exemplified herein by Investor Service Centres, in terms of their active participation in the process of attracting foreign investors. The empirical investigation using questionnaire forms, carried out in the first half of was completed by employees of 10 centres COI employees use most of the available sources of information about foreign investors.