The ECE R, AIS safety standard specifies the requirements of the safety belt anchorages namely, minimum numbers, their locations, static strength to reduce the possibility of their failure during accidental crashes for effective occupant restraint and the test procedures. This standard applies to the anchorages of safety belts for adult occupants of forward facing or rearward facing seats in vehicles of categories M and N. Early simulations revealed some structural short falls that demanded cabin improvements in order to fulfill regulation requirements for the seal belt anchorage test. This paper describes the innovative design modifications done to meet the seat belt anchorage test. Good correlation with the test is achieved in terms of deformations. These simulation methods helped in reducing the number of intermediate physical tests during the design process.
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OJ L , In force. Supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments — Date of entry into force: 19 August In this context it includes ribs, swages and possibly other reinforcements, even if they are below the floor, such as longitudinal and transverse members;. The term covers both an individual seat as well as part of a bench seat intended to seat one person;. The test fixture is described in the figures 1 and 2 of Annex 9. Those child restraint fixtures CRF are used in Regulation No 16, to check what are the Isofix child restraint systems size classes which can be accommodated on the vehicle Isofix positions.
The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the belt anchorages, the Isofix anchorages systems and the Isofix top-tether anchorages if any shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.
It shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents in triplicate and by the following particulars:. At the option of the manufacturer, a vehicle representative of the vehicle type to be approved or the parts of the vehicle considered essential for the belt anchorages test, for the Isofix anchorages systems and for Isofix top-tether anchorages test if any, by the technical service conducting approval tests shall be submitted to the service.
If the vehicle submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the relevant requirements of this Regulation, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted. An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits at present 07, corresponding to the 07 series of amendments shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval.
The same Contracting Party may not assign the same number to another vehicle type as defined in paragraph 2. Notice of approval or of extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to the Regulation.
There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation an international approval mark consisting of:. If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.
The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by the manufacturer. The H point is a reference point as defined in paragraph 2. Point H is a reference point corresponding to H as defined in paragraph 5. The R point is the seating reference point defined in paragraph 2. The three-dimensional reference system is defined in Appendix 2 of Annex 4 of this Regulation.
Points L 1 and L 2 are the lower effective belt anchorages. However, if the distance S as defined in paragraph 5. S is the distance in millimetres of the effective upper belt anchorages from a reference plane P parallel to the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle defined as follows:. The plane P for the rear outboard seating position shall be that specified by the manufacturer on condition the following limits for distance A between the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle and plane P are respected:.
Anchorages for safety-belts shall be so designed, made and situated as to:. The belt anchorages of the front outboard positions shall be suitable for safety-belts incorporating a retractor and pulley, taking into consideration in particular the strength characteristics of the belt anchorages, unless the manufacturer supplies the vehicle equipped with other types of safety-belts which incorporate retractors. If the anchorages are suitable only for particular types of safety-belts, these types shall be stated on the form mentioned in paragraph 4.
Any Isofix anchorages system and any Isofix top-tether anchorage, installed or intended to be installed, for Isofix child restraint systems shall be so designed, made and situated as to:.
Any Isofix anchorages system and any top-tether anchorage shall enable the vehicle, in normal use, to comply with the provisions of this Regulation. Any Isofix anchorages system and Isofix top-tether anchorage which could be added on any vehicle shall also comply with the provisions of this Regulation. Consequently, such anchorages shall be described on the application document for type approval.
Isofix anchorage systems shall be permanently in position or storable. In case of storable anchorages, the requirements relating to Isofix anchorages system shall be fulfilled in the deployed position. Each Isofix low anchorage bar when deployed for use or each permanently installed guidance device shall be visible, without the compression of the seat cushion or seat back, when the bar or the guidance device is viewed, in a vertical longitudinal plane passing through the centre of the bar or of the guidance device, along a line making an upward angle of 30 degrees with a horizontal plane.
As an alternative to the above requirement, the vehicle shall be permanently marked adjacent to each bar or guidance device. This marking shall consist in one of the following, at the choice of the manufacturer. At the request of the car manufacturer, methods described in paragraphs 5. Method described in paragraph 5. Subject to paragraphs 5. The torso line of the template is at the same angle to the transverse vertical plane as the seat back in its most upright position, and.
The template is positioned in the vertical longitudinal plane that contains the H point of the template. The portion of the Isofix top-tether anchorage in a vehicle that is designed to bind with the Isofix top-tether connector may be located outside the shaded zones referred to paragraphs 5. A tether anchorage may be recessed in the seat back, provided that it is not in the strap wrap-around area at the top of the vehicle seat back. The Isofix top-tether anchorage shall have dimensions to permit the attachment of an Isofix top-tether hook as specified in figure 3.
Clearance shall be provided around each Isofix top-tether anchorage to allow latching and unlatching to it. For each Isofix top-tether anchorage under a cover, the cover shall be identified by for example one of the symbols or the mirror image of one of the symbols set out in figure 13 of Annex 9; the cover shall be removable without the use of tools.
Minimum number of belt and Isofix anchorages to be provided. The anchorages of a harness belt system approved as a S-type belt with or without retractor s according to Regulation No 16 shall comply with the requirements of Regulation No 14, but the additional anchorage or anchorages provided for the fitting of a crotch strap assembly are exempted from the strength and location requirements of this Regulation.
The minimum number of safety-belt anchorages for each forward and rearward directed seating position shall be those specified in Annex 6. As regards belt anchorages, the windscreen is considered as part of the reference zone when it is capable of entering into static contact with the test apparatus according to the method described in Annex 1 to Regulation No In every seating position marked in Annex 6 with symbol , three anchorages shall be provided.
Two anchorages may be provided if one of the following conditions is fulfilled:. For all folding seats, or seating intended solely for use when the vehicle is stationary as well as for all the seats of any vehicle which are not covered by paragraphs 5. However, if the vehicle is fitted with anchorages for such seats, these anchorages must comply with the provisions of this Regulation.
In the case of the upper deck of a double-deck vehicle, the requirements for the centre front seating position shall apply also in the outboard front seating positions.
Any vehicle of category M 1 shall be equipped at least with two Isofix positions which satisfy the requirements of this Regulation. At least two of the Isofix positions shall be equipped both with an Isofix anchorages system and an Isofix top-tether anchorage. The type and number of Isofix fixtures, defined in Regulation No 16, which can be installed on each Isofix position are defined in Regulation No Notwithstanding paragraph 5. If an Isofix anchorages system is installed at a front seating position protected with a frontal airbag, a de-activation device for this airbag shall be fitted.
Notwithstanding the provision of the paragraph 5. In case where an Isofix top-tether anchorage is provided on such vehicles, it shall comply with the suitable provisions of this Regulation.
In the case of seats capable of being turned to or placed in other orientations, for use when the vehicle is stationary, the requirements of paragraph 5. A note to this effect shall be included in the information document. The belt anchorages for any one belt may be located either wholly in the vehicle structure or in the seat structure or any other part of the vehicle or dispersed between these locations.
Any one belt anchorage may be used for attaching the ends of two adjacent safety-belts, provided that the test requirements are met. Front seats, vehicle category M 1. Both angle requirements shall be valid for all normal travelling positions of the front seats. In the case of adjustable seats with an adjusting device as described in paragraph 2. Rear seats, vehicle category M 1. If rear seats are adjustable the above angles shall be valid for all normal travelling positions.
Front seats, vehicle categories other than M 1. Rear seats and special front or rear seats, vehicle categories other than M 1. Location of the effective upper belt anchorages see Annex 3. If a strap guide or similar device is used which affects the location of the effective upper belt anchorage, this location shall be determined in a conventional way by considering the position of the anchorage when the longitudinal centre line of the strap passes through a point J 1 defined successively from the R point by the following three segments:.
Point J 2 is determined by symmetry with point J 1 about the longitudinal vertical plane passing through the torso line described in paragraph 5. The effective upper belt anchorage shall be situated to the rear of a vertical plane perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and passing through the R point as shown in Annex 3. The effective upper belt anchorage shall be situated above a horizontal plane passing through point C defined in paragraph 5.
In addition to the upper anchorage specified in paragraph 5. The additional anchorages comply with the requirements of paragraphs 5. The additional anchorages can be used without the aid of tools, comply with the requirements of paragraphs 5.
In the case of a single anchorage, within the area common to two dihedrals defined by the verticals passing through points J 1 and J 2 as defined in paragraph 5.
If the vehicle is fitted by the manufacturer with safety-belts which are attached to all anchorages prescribed for the seat in question, these anchorages need not meet the requirement set out in paragraph 5.
In addition, the requirement set out in paragraph 5. It shall be possible to remove the safety-belt without damaging the anchorage. Subject to application of the provisions of paragraph 6. The tests may be restricted to the anchorages relating to only one seat or one group of seats on the condition that:. The seats shall be fitted and placed in the position for driving or use chosen by the technical service responsible for conducting approval tests to give the most adverse conditions with respect to the strength of the system.
The position of the seats shall be stated in the report. Securing the vehicle for seat belt anchorages tests and for Isofix anchorages tests. The method used to secure the vehicle during the test shall not be such as to strengthen the seat belt anchorages or the Isofix anchorages and their anchorage area or to lessen the normal deformation of the structure.
It is recommended that the structure should rest on supports arranged approximately in line with the axes of the wheels or, if that is not possible, in line with the points of attachment of the suspension. If a securing method other than that prescribed in paragraphs 6. All the belt anchorages of the same group of seats shall be tested simultaneously.
Full application of the load shall be achieved as rapidly as possible, and within a maximum load application time of 60 seconds. However, the manufacturer may request the application of the load to be achieved within 4 seconds. The belt anchorages must withstand the specified load for not less than 0,2 second.
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