In his statement on easing U. Kerry said yesterday:. Well, no. His tenure included U. Kennedy find a way out of the Cuban Missile Crisis of indeed, Rusk is sometimes credited with arranging the promised withdrawal of U. According to the son, Richard Rusk pp.
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More than 1. Skip to main content. Dean Rusk Original entry by. Loch K. Johnson , University of Georgia,. Explore This Article Contents. Dean Rusk served as U. He was only the second Georgian to be named to the office; the first was John Forsyth in During that period of service under U.
Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, he was a primary architect of U. While at Oxford Rusk stood at the back of the room observing when members of the Oxford Union debate society cast their votes overwhelmingly in favor of a policy of appeasement toward Nazi Germany. He believed at the time that this vote was wrong-minded, because he felt that dictators like Adolf Hitler could not be appeased. He was soon proven right as Hitler set out to expand the Third Reich through the threat and use of military force, which led to World War II The experience had a profound effect on Rusk's worldview and would make him a determined opponent of efforts to meet acts of aggression with offers of appeasement.
During events leading to the war in Vietnam, he counseled President Johnson strongly against a policy of yielding to Communist forces in Indochina. Upon returning to the United States, Rusk accepted the post of associate professor of government and dean of faculty at Mills College in Oakland, California, where his academic specialty was international relations.
He remained at Mills for six years and also studied law during this period at the University of California, Berkeley though he did not complete a degree.
At Mills he met a student by the name of Virginia Foisie. With the Dean Rusk. Rusk was initially intent on carrying forward his military career, until Secretary Marshall asked him in to head the Office of Special Political Affairs "also known as the U. In that capacity he privately advocated Marshall's view opposing the establishment of an independent state of Israel; but when U. Truman decided in favor of an Israeli state, Rusk loyally backed the president, believing as did Marshall that once a president makes a decision, staff should either support it or resign.
In U. Secretary of State Dean Acheson was grateful when Rusk volunteered to help him counter the Republican criticism.
Acheson appointed him in as assistant secretary of state for Far Eastern affairs. Remaining consistent in his anti-appeasement views, Rusk joined Acheson and others in urging President Truman to resist Communist aggression on the Korean peninsula. In Rusk left government service to become president of the Rockefeller Foundation, where he focused on development programs for poor nations as well as the dangers of environmental pollution from the testing of nuclear bombs in the atmosphere.
In he published an essay in Foreign Affairs exalting the role of the president in foreign policy. The piececaught the eye of Massachusetts senator John F. When elected president a few months later, Kennedy had Rusk on his mind because of this article; moreover, Rusk came strongly recommended as a candidate for secretary of state by Acheson, among others, who spoke of his unwavering loyalty and willingness to take the heat on Truman policies toward Asia.
President Kennedy chose Rusk as secretary of state in , although as it turned out he would rely more on his national security advisor, McGeorge Bundy,for day-to-day foreign policy guidance.
After Kennedy's assassination in Rusk continued on as secretary of state for President Lyndon Johnson. Both Johnson and Rusk came from simple, rural backgrounds, and Rusk enjoyed a much closer and more influential relationship with Johnson than he had with Johnson's affluent Bostonian predecessor.
During the Kennedy administration the young president and his secretary of state found themselves tested very quickly, Dean Rusk.
Rusk recommended a tough diplomatic response but resisted proposals from the U. Rusk's most important contribution as secretary of state was to provide calming counsel to the president against the precipitous use of armed force and to employ skillful behind-the-scenes diplomacy with Soviet officials to have the missiles removed.
He helped convince the president to forgo an immediate attack against Cuba and instead to establish a "quarantine" blockade against Soviet ships bringing more missiles to Cuba. This would provide the president and the Department of State with more time to work out a diplomatic resolution.
Another prominent achievement of Secretary Rusk was the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, in which the Soviet Union and the United States agreed to halt above-ground testing of bombs, which contaminated the atmosphere with substantial quantities of radioactive material. He also championed increased developmental aid to poor nations in Africa and Latin America.
More controversially, he supported a CIA coup in Congo, argued against the imposition of sanctions to end apartheid in South Africa although he opposed the practice of apartheid itself , and despite misgivings, never attempted to dissuade President Johnson against deployment of the U.
Marines to quell unrest in the Dominican Republic in The Vietnam War dominated the later years of Rusk's term as secretary. When Richard Nixon won the U. In the university established the Dean Rusk Center for International Law and Policy, which provides interdisciplinary study and service opportunities for law students and faculty. Dean Rusk Middle School in Canton is also named in his honor.
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Rusk Tells a Kennedy Secret: Fallback Plan in Cuba Crisis
Kennedy and Lyndon B. Rusk was very much in support of US actions in Vietnam. Dean Rusk was born in Cherokee County, Georgia. He was educated in Atlanta, leaving school in to work for two years for a lawyer.
Dean Rusk (1909-1994)
More than 1. Skip to main content. Dean Rusk Original entry by. Loch K. Johnson , University of Georgia,. Explore This Article Contents. Dean Rusk served as U.
Dean Rusk: Kennedy Years
Former Secretary of State Dean Rusk has revealed a year-old secret: During the final days of the Cuban missile crisis of , President Kennedy was prepared to make a critical concession to Moscow to avoid a war if the Russians refused to pull their forces out of Cuba. But the concession - to have the United Nations propose a mutual withdrawal of obsolete American missiles from Turkey in exchange for a Soviet pullout of its missiles from Cuba - did not have to be made. To the surprise of President Kennedy, Nikita S. Khrushchev, the Soviet leader, agreed to an American ultimatum that the missiles be withdrawn from Cuba without an explicit link to the American Jupiter missiles in Turkey. An article by J.
Dean Rusk on Cold War US-Cuba relations
Kennedy and Lyndon B. Rusk is one of the longest serving U. Secretaries of State , behind only Cordell Hull. In , Rusk became president of the Rockefeller Foundation. After winning the presidential election , Kennedy asked Rusk to serve as secretary of state. He supported diplomatic efforts during the Cuban Missile Crisis and, though he initially expressed doubts about the escalation of the U. Rusk served for the duration of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations before retiring from public office in