En ciertos casos es mas complicado determinar cuales han sido las causas que han desencadenado la cirrosis. Esta fase es irreversible. Lo mas importante es prevenirla no abusando en la ingesta de alcohol y previniendo las hepatitis B o C, dos de sus causas mas frecuentes. I was very happy to uncover this page.
|Published (Last):||12 March 2011|
|PDF File Size:||8.10 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||2.46 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Medwave se preocupa por su privacidad y la seguridad de sus datos personales. En el estado mexicano de Chiapas se reportaron un total de 1. Lugar de Residencia. Diversas localidades y poblaciones del estado. Lo cual se explica parcialmente en las cifras crecientes de obesidad y diabetes mellitus. Los formularios pueden ser solicitados contactando al autor responsable. Background : Liver cirrhosis is a worldwide public health problem.
Its main characteristic is low life expectancy. In Mexico, it is the second leading cause of death in the age group with the highest work productivity. Methods : The study is observational, retrospective, descriptive and cross-sectional. Data were collected on age, sex, occupation, origin, risk factors for liver damage and probable etiology of patients referred with a diagnosis of cirrhosis in a period of 2 years.
Purpose : To determine the causes and factors associated with liver cirrhosis in our population. Results : Females prevailed over males by Average age was The following risk factors were found: alcohol consumption Housewives were most affected Alcoholism in Portal hypertension data were found in The prevalence during the study period was 9.
Conclusions : There are significant differences observed in gender and cause of cirrhosis in this study. In the future more research should be done to look into the conditions under which women live in the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez, as well as whether other idiosyncratic factors or cultural conditions are leading to a higher prevalence of cirrhosis in this population group in the Southeast of Mexico.
Main causes and factors associated with liver cirrhosis in patients in the General Hospital of Zone 2 of Chiapas, Mexico. Medwave Ago;12 7 :e doi: Contacto English Email: Clave:. Rev Gastroenterol Peru. Gastr Latinoam. Summary Tables. Health statistics and informatics.
World Health Organization. Salud Publica Mex. Uddenfeldt P, Danielsson A. Primary biliary cirrhosis: survival of a cohort followed for 10 years J Intern Med. Course of disease and survival after onset of decompensation in hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis. Liver Int. Epub May Comorbidity and survival of Danish cirrhosis patients: A nationwide population-based cohort study. Estimating the cost of treating patients with liver cirrhosis at the Mexican Social Security Institute.
Cirrhosis: diagnosis, management, and prevention. Am Fam Physician. Clinical predictors of fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. Epub Feb Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Respir Med. Epub Mar Liver cell death and anemia in Wilson disease involve acid sphingomyelinase and ceramide.
Nat Med. Epub Jan European Association for the Study of the Liver. J Hepatol. Epub Jun 6. Review Article. Drug-Related Hepatotoxicity. N Engl J Med. Mechanisms of drug-induced liver injury: from bedside to bench. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. Epub Mar 8. Association between consumption of Herbalife nutritional supplements and acute hepatotoxicity.
Epub Jul Review of liver injury associated with dietary supplements. IL-2 receptor alpha deficiency and features of primary biliary cirrhosis. J Autoimmun. Epub Aug Heart diseases affecting the liver and liver diseases affecting the heart.
Am Heart J. Natural history and prognostic indicators of survival in cirrhosis: a systematic review of studies. Epub Nov 9. Rev Esp Enferm Dig. Med Clin Barc. Epub Jun Gastroenterol Hepatol. Liver cirrhosis.
Worldwide mortality from cirrhosis. Ann Hepatol. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis mortality and social deprivation: a spatial analysis in small areas of Madrid region. Nutr Hosp. The socioeconomic impact of hepatitis C infection and liver transplantation in Mexico.
CrossRef Teschke R. Hepatotoxicity by drugs and dietary supplements: safety perspectives on clinical and regulatory issues. PubMed Link.
Causes of Death CrossRef PubMed. Starr SP, Raines D. Tujios S, Fontana RJ. Schuppan D, Afdhal NH. Teschke R. Acceso Webactivo. Medwave Estudios. ISSN Factor o causa. Hepatitis virus C. Factores Asociados. Diabetes Mellitus. Medicina alternativa complementaria. Amas de casa. No consignado.
Liver fibrogenesis is the result of excessive tissue repair of chronic liver damage. This entity consists of the progressive extracellular matrix deposition in the liver parenchyma that is observed in most chronic liver diseases and which precedes the development of cirrhosis. In the last few years, several studies have identified activated stellate cells, portal fibroblasts, and myofibroblasts from distinct cell populations as the main collagen-producing cells in the damaged liver. Likewise, the main cytokines and molecules involved in liver fibrogenesis have been identified. The finding that advanced liver fibrogenesis can be reversed has stimulated research into possible antifibrogenic therapies.
FISIOPATOLOGIA DE LA CIRROSIS HEPÁTICA
Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder in patients with cirrhosis. In dilutional or hypervolemic hyponatremia, serum sodium concentration is reduced, plasma volume is increased although the effective plasma volume is decreased due to marked arterial vasodilation in the splanchnic circulation and extracellular fluid volume is increased, with ascites and edema in the absence of signs of dehydration. This is a result of the marked deterioration in renal excretion of solute-free water, leading to disproportionate water retention in relation to sodium retention. Since hypervolemic hyponatremia is by far the most frequent form of this disorder, the present chapter will concentrate specifically on hypervolemic hyponatremia in cirrhosis..