The tango, which originated in late nineteenth-century Buenos Aires in brothels and urban courtyards, gained ballroom status through its seductive powers, spreading to Paris and other European centers in the early twentieth century. Tangos traditionally featured not only couples dancing in tight embrace with almost violent leg motions, but also melodramatic poetry sung to the accompaniment of solo guitar; or a trio of flute, violin, and guitar or bandoneon, a square, button-operated accordion ; or larger ensembles of strings, bandoneon, and piano. Piazzolla infused the tango with new life following the Second World War, though he was criticized by traditionalists for adding dissonance and extended rhythmic techniques. His style, called nuevo tango, bears certain similarities to bebop and bossa nova, while largely avoiding the improvisations of jazz.

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Crucial discrepancies between the composer's original markings and those in the published edition of this beloved work affect how it is interpreted and performed. The author, who was given a copy of the original manuscript by Piazzolla himself, discloses and analyzes examples of the errors.

Argentinian composer and bandoneon player Astor Piazzolla revolutionized traditional tango music, blending it with jazz and classical elements to create a new form, nuevo tango. His compositions and style reflect an eclectic mix of musical genres and cultures that influenced him very early in life.

Piazzolla's father gave him his first bandoneon, which he learned to play when he was 9 years old. When he was 4, his family moved to New York, and it was during his childhood and adolescence there that he was exposed to jazz, Jewish popular music, and other music forms; he also took classical piano lessons. While composing the classical guitar solo Cinco Piezas, Piazzolla was captivated by the instrument, according to his widow, Laura Escalada Piazzolla.

He wrote the piece in and published it a year later, and around that time, he began to consider combining the guitar with another instrument. While his choice of the flute was not the result of an assignment 1 , neither was it a coincidence, as Piazzolla had used the flute since He returned the flute to the role it had played, along with the violin and the guitar, at the beginning of tango's history--the guardia vieja, literally "old guard.

Histoire du Tango has come to be one of today's most popular compositions for flute and guitar. Its four movements--Bordel , Cafe , Nightclub , and Concert d'aujourd'hui --portray, as its title suggests, different stages in the historical development of this distinctly Argentinean musical form. The work was published by Editions Henry Lemoine in I had followed Piazzolla's concerts since the mids and met him in when he and his quintet shared the stage with my ensemble, for which he later composed Tango Seis.

A warm friendship and long professional collegiality grew between us. A few months before the publication of Histoire du Tango, Piazzolla sent me, through the publisher, a copy of the manuscript.

The published version differs from the original in several crucial ways. Even without comparison with the handwritten manuscript, it contains errors regarding notes and inconsistent articulation. The version I have in my possession is a photocopy of the handwritten score by Piazzolla, dated by him May The size is A3. This copy contains fingerings for guitar written in pencil by another hand in the original manuscript.

Author: Jorge Caryevsclii. Date: Summer From: Flutist Quarterly Vol. Publisher: National Flute Association, Inc. Document Type: Critical essay. Length: 3, words. Editorial Discrepancies I had followed Piazzolla's concerts since the mids and met him in when he and his quintet shared the stage with my ensemble, for which he later composed Tango Seis. Access from your library This is a preview. Get the full text through your school or public library. Source Citation Caryevsclii, Jorge.

Accessed 4 June


Astor Piazzolla (1921-1992)

It was Piazzolla's life work to bring the tango from the bordellos and dance halls of Argentina into the concert halls of Europe and America. He is among the astonishingly varied group of composers who were enabled by the teaching of Nadia Boulanger to become more authentically themselves. Boulanger--doyenne of high European art--encouraged Piazzolla not to become another European-style composer, but to apply to the tango the lessons of his study with her. Piazzolla's Histoire du Tango is his only work for flute and guitar--the instruments associated with the first flowering of the form, in Buenos Aires in


Histoire du tango - Bb saxophone & piano



A Closer Look: Astor Piazzolla's Histoire du Tango


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