Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Sign me up! In , while imprisoned by the Italian fascist government, Antonio Gramsci began to write about the nature of Americanism and Fordism and its potential future in Italy. Reduced to a 10th of their former number, Mirafiori workers voted percent early this year to forsake some of their most sacred benefits. Ten-minute breaks were carved back from four a day to three, for instance, and management got the right to impose overtime whenever it wants.

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Gramsci on the question offers valuable insights in what will later be the object of sociological research under the name of Taylorisation.

This presented itself as one of the major problems in outlining new forms of critique as well as political action which require a deeper understanding of the roots of the hegemonic achievements of the ruling class.

Since the shift from capital labour conflicts towards a sort of image of social solidarity, surplus-value production ceased to be put under question and became the starting point for the resolution of power conflicts within productive relations. In other words, the idea of a working class co-operating with its masters towards the maximisation of profit and the consequent redistribution of such surplus value had become the core concern of modern economic policy, as Gramsci described it in his section, and it arguably still remains the root of the unquestionability of capitalism as a mode of production.

The principles of scientific management , F. Taylor Taylor is against workers solidarity and pushes for individual economic remuneration to be the primary motive of workers' activity.

His is a productivist philosophy, and a mechanistic vision of human physiology. Lenin approved of it in as long as the rationalist-objectivism was separated from the capitalist motive.

They shared a scientific vision of productivity as a neutral instrument to maximise efficiency. The scientific organisation of production equals a scientific organisation of society. Petri anarchic ordinovista approved of it in Capital no longer circulates in the hands of producers and managers. Taylorisation aims at re-rationalising capitalist production and eliminating political and financial speculativism. What does it represent? Passive revolution or internal counter-discourse? Revitalisation of capitalism in economic replacing productivity in the hands of producers rather than bureaucracy and speculation and moral terms creating a cementing ideology internal to the factory.

It is neopuritanism that aims to counterbalance the tendencies to waste. Gramsci sees Fordism as the capitalist response to the objective development of the productive forces.

He rejects its application on socialism in so far as it separates the executive from the management, the particular consciousness of single tasks of the executors from the general consciousness of the sense, meaning towards which each task tends of the co-ordinator, rationaliser, manager. To this view he opposes that of the collective worker. The key is to view the unity of technical development and the ruling class interests as a transitory historical phase of industrial development.

The situation of the II international was such that it was reasonable to take the objective circumstances and conditions for socialism 'for granted', since the October revolution and the social crisis and development of productive forces which followed world war I.

The basic revolutionary problem then and only due to this can become the major theoretical and practical preoccupation. This is contra both Bucharin and mechanism and reformist evolutionism.

Once the organic crisis of capitalism is taken for granted, then the preoccupation is to translate the objective structural possibilities at the level of subjectivity through a conscious acquisition, and then to make these possibilities actual and objective through political organisation. More on Fordism at the excellent Digital Archive on Fordism. Notes on Americanism and Fordism Arianna Bove Gramsci on the question offers valuable insights in what will later be the object of sociological research under the name of Taylorisation.

Taylorism and rationalisation The principles of scientific management , F. Gramsci's position is in sum the following: 1 critique of speculation: it is one of the parasitic unproductive forms of capital accumulation.


Automobilism, Americanism and the End of Fordism

The Big Three had a combinedU. During that same nine-month period, Toyota and Honda increased their U. These global competition problems are heightened by the role of union labor in the reorganization of the workplace and the technological advances developed by competitors invested in the new hybrids. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


This banner text can have markup. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Yet, despite his isolation, he nevertheless succeeds in this essay in laying the ground- work for a persuasive analysis of trends in social and economic development which had passed by most of his active contemporaries and whose importance is only now becoming clear. The basic question Gramsci asks himself in Americanism and Fordism is this: were the changes taking place within the world of production at the time he was writing of such importance as to constitute the beginnings of a new historical epoch, or were they merely a conjunction of events of no lasting significance?

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